Abstract Barleria prionitis Linn. (Family: Acanthaceae) is a well-known perennial, Ayurvedic herb distributed in the tropical Asia, Africa and Yemen. The whole. B. prionitis is a fast growing perennial plant widely commercialized as an ornamental to be planted in open sunny areas in gardens, yards, and. Erect armed shrubs, spines ca. cm long. Leaves to x cm, elliptic, acute, mucronate, base cuneate, sparsely puberulus, ciliate on the margins, gland.

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A review of its ethnobotany, phytochemical and pharmacological profile. To prevent seeds being lost, it can be collected as the capsules turn brown.

It was observed that barlleria leaves showed higher degree antioxidant potential and high phenolic content in comparison to flower and stem Jaiswal et al. Structures of some selected phytochemical isolated from B.

Can include ecosystem services. The genus Barleria is found in Asia, Africa and America. The bracteoles are long, narrowly linear-lanceolate, spinous-tipped, about 1.

Barleria prionitis subsp. delagoensis | Plantz Africa

General description of the sites where the bxrleria is found ecosystem, forest, environment or microhabitat. Among the extracts, the methanolic bark extract showed more potent inhibitory activity against all the oral pathogenic bacteria Aneja et al. The leaf juice mixed with honey given to children in catarrhal affections and fever Khare, This plant is distributed throughout the hotter parts of India and commonly grown in gardens as a hedge plant Khare, ; Shendage and Yadav, Germination of the seeds takes place after a week.

Mast cells play an important role in inflammatory bqrleria and release histamine upon their degranulation to produce various allergic reactions Manek et al.


It has been recorded in the coastal districts of northern Queensland i. It is used for various medicinal purposes in ayurvedic medicine. The leaves were reported priontiis contain scutellarein 15melilotic acid 16syringic acid 17vanillic acid 18p-hydroxybenzoic acid 196-hydroxyflavones 20 Daniel, The oral administration of aqueous flower extract mg kg -1 was significantly increased the urination dieresis and sodium elimination but barlerla potassium in rats.

The aerial parts of this plant are also used in inflammations and gastrointestinal disorders. Cymes axillary; bracts 2, 1.

The iridoid glycosides enriched fraction from hyrdo ethanolic extract of leaves and stems of B. When the seed is ripe the fruit capsule explodes to distribute the seeds in different directions. A dictionary of Botany. The whole plant or its specific parts leaf, stem, root, bark and prionjtis has been utilized for treatment of toothache, catarrhal affections, whooping cough, inflammations, glandular swellings, urinary infection, jaundice, fever, gastrointestinal disorders and as diuretic and tonic.

Perennial, Shrub SA Distribution: A weed of waterways, open woodlands, roadsides, disturbed sites, waste areas and overgrazed pastures in tropical regions. Its leaves are known to contain 6-Hydroxyflavoneone of the chemical compounds that is a noncompetitive inhibitor of the protein cytochrome P 2C9. The stems are terete, glabrous, much branched with cylindrical and tapering branchlet Dassanayake, ; Kamble et al.

Caterpillars of the Pansy group barlsria butterflies feed on the plant. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report. Its main goal is summarize the most relevant or attractive characteristics of this taxon to the general public.

Occurrence Occurrence Occurrence Records. The seeds should be planted in trays in a mixture of two parts good soil and one part clean river sand. The diuretic property of B. Plants of South Africa.


Barleria prionitis

Ash of the whole plant with honey barlerria given in bronchial asthma. Although each of these features occurs in other Acanthaceae species, their regular co-occurrence is restricted to Barleria Balkwill and Balkwill, It was found that the dichloromethane, petroleum ether and ethanol extracts of leaves, stems and roots exhibited significant inhibition of COX-1 and COX-2 with subsequent inhibition of prostaglandin synthesis that are involved in pain sensation Amoo et al.

Currently, the global demand of herbal medicines is increasing rapidly because of their higher safety margin and low cost Musyimi et al.

Wood Barleria prionitis subsp.

The older stems and branches are robust, rounded, and light brown or light grey in colour. The genus Barleria is readily distinguished from other genera in the Acanthaceae by a combination of three features: A wide range of phytochemical constituents including balarenone, pipataline prionisides, barlerinoside, verbascoside, shanzhiside priohitis ester, barlerin, acetylbarlerin, lupulinoside, scutellarein have been isolated from the different parts of this plant.

Balkwill MJ; Balkwill K, Antiinflammatory and analgesic effects of Phlomis lanceolata boiss. Login to add your Comment Bagleria registered yet? Delagoa Bay barleria, porcupine flower. The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available.

Barleria prionitis | Species | India Biodiversity Portal

The root paste is externally applied to disperse boils and baarleria swellings Aneja et al. Barleria prionitis Barleria prionitis in Hyderabad, India. The flowers are used internally for the treatment of migraine, internal abscesses, oedema, haemoptysis, urethral discharges, seminal disorders and reduce obesity Khare,