Familia. Heliconiaceae Ramos Loyo Lluvia Rubí Clasificación según Cronquist Orden Zingiberales Suborden Clase Liliopsida Subclase Zingiberidae. Heliconias Colombianas, Familia Heliconiaceae, Flores Tropicales y Exóticas de Colombia. “Heliconia rostrata é uma herbácea perene da família Heliconiaceae, habitando florestas tropicais do Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, Panamá, Brasil.

Author: Faurisar Kagacage
Country: Lesotho
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Automotive
Published (Last): 28 December 2008
Pages: 452
PDF File Size: 16.48 Mb
ePub File Size: 1.85 Mb
ISBN: 861-6-13166-695-8
Downloads: 51981
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Kagaran


The morphological and anatomical features of the inflorescence bracts were studied in H. Collectively, these plants are also simply referred to as heliconias. In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies. Retrieved from ” https: These plants do not grow well in famikia, dry conditions. International Journal of Plant Sciences. It was found that many species of Heliconiaeven the newly colonized species, all had many pollinators visit. The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants.

Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. Species accepted by Kew Botanic Gardens [4].

Heliconias provide shelter for a diverse range of insects within their young rolled leaves and water-filled floral bracts. Insects that inhabit the rolled leaves often feed upon the inner surfaces of the leaf, such as beetles of the family Chrysomelidae. The flowers can be hues of reds, oranges, yellows, and greens, and are subtended by brightly colored bracts.

Systematic Biology 50 6: Phylogeny of the Scitamineae – morphological and anatomical considerations. Revista de Biologia Tropical 47 The Honduran white bat Ectophylla alba also lives in tents it makes from heliconia leaves. Iowa State College Press. Phaethorninae 18 mya supports that these radiations have significantly influenced one another through evolutionary time. American Journal of Botany 48 1: Several species are widely cultivated as ornamentals, and a few are naturalized in FloridaGambia and Thailand.


This bat roosts head up in the rolled young leaves of Heliconia plants. This page was last edited on 7 November familiia, at The bract shape, associated with the distribution of the fiber bundles and with the size of the air canals were different in both studied subgenera. They are very drought intolerant, but can endure some soil flooding. The macroglosine bat is the only known nocturnal pollinator of Heliconia solomonensis. Botanical Review 46 4: Heliconiaceae from the Atlantic forest of southeastern Brazil.

Fruits are blue-purple when ripe and primarily hheliconiaceae dispersed. The Heliconia are a monophyletic genus in the family Heliconiaceaebut was formerly included in the family Musaceaewhich includes the bananas e.

Heliconias are an important food source for forest hummingbirdsespecially the hermits Phathornithinaesome of which — such as the rufous-breasted hermit Glaucis hirsuta — also use the plant for nesting.

They are characteristically long, oblong, alternate, or growing opposite one hepiconiaceae on non-woody petioles often longer than the leaf, often forming large clumps with age.

Heliconia and in H. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society. Acta Botanica Brasilica 4 1: Although Heliconia are almost exclusively pollinated by hummingbirds, some bat pollination has been found to occur.

Heliconia tortuosa – Wikipedia tiếng Việt

The last term refers to their close similarity to the bird-of-paradise flowers Strelitzia. O mesofilo de H.


helicnoiaceae Hummingbirds are the main pollinators of flowers in the genus Heliconia order Zingiberales: Insects living in the bracts often feed on the bract tissue, nectar of the flower, flower parts, other insects, microorganisms, or detritus in the water contained in the bract Siefert Heliconia Musaceae – Heliconioideae.

These beetles live in and feed from the rolled leaf, the stems, the inflorescences, or the unfurled mature leaves of the Heliconia plant.

Heliconia the bracts are cymbiform and in Stenochlamys they are lanceolate-conduplicated. The diversity and distribution of Heliconia Heliconiaceae in Brazil. Cercopidae in Heliconia flowers Zingiberales: These flowers are grown in tropical regions all over the world as ornamental plants. Almost all species of Hispini beetles that use rolled leaves are obligate herbivores of plants of the order of Zingiberaleswhich includes Heliconia. How to cite this article.

Ainda heliconiaceqe acordo com Rundel et al. The origin of bract liquid in a Neotropical Heliconia species. However, the APG system ofand its successor, the APG II system ofconfirm the Heliconiaceae as distinct and places them in the order Zingiberalesin the commelinid clade of monocots.

All species have bracts with uniseriate epidermis, with thin-walled cells, tetracytical stomata in H.