Available at ABIQUIM, Anuario da industria qui’mica brasileira. Associacao Brasileira da Industria Quimica, Sao. Associação Brasileira da Indústria Química. Anuário da Indústria Química Brasileira (ABIQUIM, ). Ministério da Ciência e Tecnologia e Inovação. Anuário da Indústria Química Brasileira (ABIQUIM, ). Ministério da Ciência e Tecnologia e Inovação (MCTI). Emissões de Gases de.

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Rima used to utilize sulphur hexafluoride SF 6 as cover gas and the MCTI reference report shows the emissions from this consumption between and Emissions of CH 4 from manure management of buffalo, sheep, goats, mules, asses and swine, MCTI 30 as well as SEEG used emission factor Tier 1 level 12which were applied to the period of to The third national communication only estimated emissions of carbon and nitrogen dioxides, according to the following equations: CO 2 annual emissions for of the abiqiim sources are estimated from the following equation: SEEG estimations applied these factors as shown in the following equation.

For calculating direct abiquuim from organic soils, an emission factor FE 2 of 12 kg N 2 O per hectare of cultivated organosol was used In this step we used the tables that contained the area of change aviquim each inventory period. For Fuel Production related to Oil and Natural Gas Industry, other drivers were applied to allocate subnational emissions: Companhia Nacional de Abastecimento.

As SEEG estimates and products are also constantly revised and improved, updated versions can be found in its website BEU has information for these variables forand Since the SEEG collection has been updated and revised Ammonia catalytic oxidation reaction sequence and HNO 3 production: Regarding production for period prior toan exponential function obtained through the available values for the period was used.

This inventory estimates atmospheric emissions by road vehicles across the country, from to For each inventory period, we calculated the average deforestation per year.

Does conservation agriculture deliver climate change mitigation through soil carbon sequestration in tropical agro-ecosystems? Emission factors are sbiquim on carbonates calcination reaction stoichiometry: Regarding production for period prior toan exponential function obtained through the available values for the period was used.


SEEG initiative estimates of Brazilian greenhouse gas emissions from to

The emission factors used for calculating the emission of CH 4 emissions from manure management for the period of are available in MCTI Emission factor For calculation of the direct N 2 O emissions for agricultural crop residues, an emission factor of N 2 O emission FE 1 of 0.

Soda ash consumption Soda ash Na 2 CO 3 consumption is responsible for GHG emissions related to pulp and paper industries, soaps and detergents production, water treatment and glass production. The SEEG approach for estimating CH 4 emissions is based on the Methane Commitment method, presented in the following equation, which assumes that all the degradable organic content DOC in a specific year will decay and produce methane immediately Steel production data for and were obtained from spreadsheets provided by the Ministry of Mines and Energy.

Emission aboquim The methodology uses Tier anuaroi emissions factors, as well as default values for the fraction of total carbon content, fraction of fossil content and efficiency of the incinerator provided in the IPCC annuario The proposed methodology allocated As for the software utilized, all database management and estimates were entirely performed using the Microsoft Excel tool.

Oil and natural gas extraction and production CO 2 fugitive emissions: SEEG estimates direct N 2 O emissions from nitrogen that returns and decomposes in the soil from crop residues of: Key data for estimating direct N 2 O emissions from animal manure deposited and left on pastures is the same used for calculating the N 2 O emissions from manure management Chemical industry emissions in IPPU occur when estimated gases are by-products of other chemical production processes. Review and assess the quality of the data Finally, the quality of the methodology and dataset generated by SEEG are evaluated according to its capacity in 1 reproduce the BIs; 2 allocate total emissions at sub-national level and; 3 estimate GHG emissions beyond the BI coverage Table 7.


Nitrous oxide emissions from animal manure excreted and left on pasturelands SEEG estimates N 2 O emissions from animal qnuario excreted and left on pasturelands, according to the following equation Thus, unless otherwise mentioned, all data presented here refer to gross emissions of GHG. In Brazil, naphtha is used, in general, in cracking reaction; in national production started to use natural gas started as another source through pyrolysis process.

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SEEG initiative estimates of Brazilian greenhouse gas emissions from 1970 to 2015

Neither calcium carbide production data nor the associated emission factors are published by the only manufacturer in Brazil, which classifies them as confidential in the MCTI reference report. Glass production from raw materials difference between glass total production amount and recycled glass production amount is the main driver for emissions as shown by the following equation: Methane factor became 3.

SEEG estimates indirect N 2 O emissions from N leaching and runoff from the application of synthetic fertilizer applied to soil according to the following equation The methodological procedure of this inventory will not be described in detail in this article because of its extent; however, it is consistent with IPCC Guidelines Tier 2 methodology 12 and the two most important general equations applied will be shown below.

N 2 O emission: In addition, SEEG data support the production of analytical documents on the evolution of GHG emissions and an interactive platform portal to provide simple and clear methods for accessing data generated in the system Domestic Wastewater The methodology used for estimating the emissions of domestic wastewater in the third national inventory was developed by IPCC and can be defined according to the following equation.

For each fleet vehicle type, in a specific calendar year, fuel consumption is estimated from the following equation: The degradable organic content DOC was calculated using a linear regression provide in the reference report of the latest Brazilian inventory.

It was not possible to gather subnational level publicly available information regarding carbon black production. Percentages applied are given in MCTI For the SEEG, the same rationale was applied to estimate these burned areas for the period ofbut in a reverse fashion, according to the following steps: For these calculations SEEG used the same database compiled to calculate the N2O emissions from vinasse application to soil as fertilizer Lubricant energy consumption CO 2 emissions in two-stroke engines: