The Apology of St. Aristides of Athens (translation by M. R. James). On Early Christian Writings. Aristides also, a believer earnestly devoted to our religion, left, like Quadratus, an apology for the faith, addressed to Adrian. His work, too, has been preserved. Here follows the defense which Aristides the philosopher made before Hadrian the King on behalf of reverence for God. All-powerful Cæsar Titus Hadrianus.

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This ingenious hypothesis only fails to meet our requirement on one point, viz. He begins with a fragment which, when purged of glosses by a comparison of all three forms in which it survives, reads aristidss And they take colors which do not belong to them; they are also congealed by frost and are mingled and permeated with the filth of men and beasts, and with the blood of the slain.

For if he who is said to be the chief and king of their gods do these things how much more should his worshippers imitate him? I also by reflection learned that the world and all that is therein is by necessity and force guided and moved and of the whole God is controuler and orderer: Adversary he has none, for there exists not any stronger than he.

By her too he begot Dios, who is called Zeus.

Apology of Aristides – Wikisource, the free online library

Barlaam of India, by St. And they say that some zpology the females disputed about beauty, and appeared before men for judgment. Falsehood is not found among them; and they love one another, and from widows they do not turn away their esteem; and they deliver the orphan from him who treats him harshly. And once she had Ares as a lover, and again Adonis who is Tammuz. Revised and edited for New Advent by Kevin Knight.

Let us proceed further to their account of their gods that we may carefully demonstrate all that is said above.

This certainly looks like an outbreak of persecution in Greece. Need hath He none of victims and oblations and sacrifices, and of all that is in the visible creation He wanteth nought. First of all, the Greeks bring forward as a god Kronos, that is to say Chiun Saturn. Part of a series on. And some of them, they say, were crippled and limped, and some were sorcerers, and some actually went mad, and some played on lyres, and some apolkgy given to roaming on the hills, and some even died, and some were struck dead by lightning, and some were made servants even to men, and some escaped by flight, and some were kidnapped by men, and some, indeed, were lamented and deplored by men.


We would dismiss the statements at once as archaeological fictions if it had not been that evidence has been produced for the existence of zristides Latin version of Aristides. Is then this ov in want? Fo let the tongues of those who utter vanity and harass the Christians be silent; and hereafter let them speak the truth. And if he could not help himself, how can he take thought for the human race?

First Second Third Historical topics and events: Nor is this all; for there can be no doubt that the two adjectives in question [Syriac] are intended to represent two of the final titles of Antoninus: And they say that some of them were lame and maimed; and some of them wizards, and some of them utterly mad; and some of them played on harps; and some of them wandered on mountains: N transfers this notice about the Apologists to the following year, and it is believed that this represents more exactly the time of Hadrian’s first visit to Ariwtides A.

For truly great and wonderful is their teaching to him that is willing to examine and understand it. Ipse sub caelis incomprehensibilis est, quia caelos excedit: Such a consideration seems to be a mark of antiquity, and one would, therefore, prefer to believe, if it were possible, that the Apology was earlier than the Jewish revolt under Bar-Cochab.

And he purifies his heart, and his sins are forgiven him, because he committed them in ignorance in the former time, when he used to blaspheme and speak evil of the true knowledge of apologu Christians. And therefore it is not possible that Artemis should be a goddess.

For as you yourself allow, O King, man is constituted of the four elements and of a soul and a spirit and hence xristides is called a microcosmand without any one of these parts he could not consist. But it is an insult that all these things should be found with a god. And again he changed himself into the likeness of gold through aristldes of Danae, and to a swan through love of Leda, and arristides a man through love of Antiope, and to lightning through love of Luna, and so by these he begat many children.


They do not worship idols made in the image of man; and whatsoever they would not that others should do unto them, they do not to others; and of the food which is consecrated to idols they do not eat, for they are pure. The Jewsagain, trace the origin of their race from Abrahamwho begot Isaac, of whom was born Jacob.

And some, they say, went down to Sheol, and some were grievously wounded, and some transformed themselves into the likeness of animals to seduce the race of mortal women, and some polluted themselves by lying with males And some, they say, were wedded to their mothers and their aristieds and their daughters.

If then the nature of the gods is one, it is not proper that a god should either pursue or slay or harm a god. Great then is the error into which the Barbarians wandered in worshipping lifeless images which can do nothing to help them. And if there is among them a man that is poor or needy, and they apologh not an abundance of necessaries, they fast two or three days that they may supply the needy with their necessary food.

The Apology of Aristides the Philosopher

A further Armenian fragment was discovered in the library at Echmiadzin by F. And after him they bring forward as a goddess Artemis, the sister of Apollo; and they say that she was a huntress and that she herself used to carry a bow and bolts, and to roam about upon the mountains, leading the hounds to hunt stags or wild bears of the field.

But it cannot be that a god should be needy or lame, else he is very worthless. Conybeare in a manuscript of the 11th century. For if the body of a man while it is many in its parts is not in dread, one member of another, but, since it is a united body, wholly agrees with itself; even so also God is one in His nature. Qui Evangelio suo vivificante mundum Universum, consolatoria sua bonitate, sibi captivum fecit. This lacuna would seem to be an early feature of the Greek text.